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Norfolk dunes

D is for dunes

You won't have trouble finding dunes in Norfolk – we have 1200 hectares of them, stretching around the entire coast.

Coastal sand dunes occur on large beach plains, which Norfolk has lots of, where the surface dries out between high tides. With an onshore wind, the dry sand is blown landwards and deposited above the high water mark, where it is bound by the deep roots of marram grass, creating natural sea defences and… perfect places to play!

Dune grassland and dune slacks (sheltered areas behind the dunes, close to the water table) support a large variety of flowering plants, insects and wildlife.

So, we know dunes are great for exploring, playing hide and seek, and jumping off, but where are the best ones in Norfolk?

If we start in the north-west, the first dunes are to be found at Old Hunstanton and Holme-next-the-Sea, the latter including a Norfolk Wildlife Trust reserve.

The dunes are bigger at Brancaster, on Scolt Head island, at Burnham Overy Staithe and at Holkham and Wells-next-the-Sea where they protect a large pine forest (there are some excellent trails here).

There are also impressive dunes on Blakeney Point, a lovely backdrop to the seals lounging around on the seashore.


On the east coast the dunes stretch from Sea Palling to Horsey (more places to see seals), then down to Winterton-on-Sea, Hemsby, Caister-on-Sea and the north beach at Great Yarmouth.


Birdsto look out for in the dunes include sandwich tern, little tern, ringed plover, shelduck, snow bunting, shorelark and stonechat. If you see any barriers or warnings about nesting birds, please take notice!

Okay, now you know where they are, what are you waiting for!

PS Marram is an original East Anglian word, deriving from Old Norse words for sea and grass.

D is also for Deep History Coast, Dogs

Casiter-on-Sea marram grass

Norfolk coast

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